Why Bounce 2nd Cycle Pass in Logic Pro X

March 21, 2016

Logic Pro X supports two types of realtime bouncing — one and two cycle.
In lossy audio and video compression, two pass encoding is often used to maximize quality while minimizing file size. In Logic Pro X, two pass bouncing does not affect sound quality at all.
So what is two cycle bouncing used for?
In certain situations, you may want to hear a region’s FX tail at the start of the bounce. In a one cycle pass, the FX tail will not be recorded because the bounce will have already finished. By recording the final bounce at the start of the second pass, the first pass’ FX tail will also be included.
Hi, I’m Brian and I’m an electronic music designer for Broadway shows and other theatrical productions around the world. If you enjoyed this article, click the ? below to let the world know.
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How to Insert Empty Bars in Logic Pro X

October 27, 2015

Inserting empty bars in Logic Pro X can be done in two ways. The first way is to manually select, cut, and move all the elements of your mix. The second and more efficient way is to just add time at a specific location, and Logic Pro X automatically cuts and moves your tracks. Here’s how to insert empty bars in Logic Pro X.

First, enable Logic Pro X’s advanced tools. To do this, navigate to Preferences/General/Advanced, and enable all the advanced tools.

Logic Pro X Advanced Tools

Next, use the selectors to highlight the empty bar range.


Next, press ^⌘Z (Control-Command-Z). This will make the selected region empty. As you can see in the screenshot below, bars 29 – 37 are now empty.


How to Invert Polarity in Logic Pro X

June 1, 2015

Polarity inversion can be used in situations where audio signals are out of phase with each other. Many hardware consoles have a phase button, which is actually used to invert polarity.


Logic Pro X doesn’t have a dedicated button for this purpose, but the Gain plugin has a handy “Phase Invert” feature. I’m not quite sure why Apple decided to label it “Phase Invert” instead of “Polarity Invert,” Semantics, I guess.

To invert the polarity of a track…

  1. Add the Gain plugin to the first Insert FX slot. The Gain plugin can be found under “Utility,”
  2. Check “Phase Invert,”

How to Fix Logic Pro’s -10011 System Overload Error

December 6, 2014

If you’re getting Logic Pro’s dreaded -10011 system overload error, it simply means your computer doesn’t have enough resources to perform realtime audio processing. Before you go out and buy a new computer, here are a few tips that might just fix the -10011 error.

Increase Your Buffer Size

To increase Logic Pro’s buffer size, go into the application’s preferences menu and find “I/O Buffer Size” under the audio tab. Logic gives you options from 32 samples all the way to 1024 samples. Setting this number to maximum means Logic will hold 1024 samples of audio data in buffer before sending it the CPU for processing. This means the CPU is accessed LESS FREQUENTLY, and there will be less chance of a -10011 system overload error.

The downside is that latency will be increased, so a setting of 128 samples is the recommended maximum for live recording. If you’re mixing with a lot of plugins, increasing the buffer size to 1024 is perfectly fine (and recommended) because all of the audio has already been recorded.

Use Stock Plugins While Recording

If you record with a high buffer size, the resulting audio will likely be off with the rest of the mix. To avoid getting a system overload error during recording, you should use stock plugins. It’s perfectly fine to use the built in EQs and compressors when recording, especially if you don’t have a super powerful computer. These stock plugins are usually built for efficiency, and use very little resources.

Use Effects Sends

Certain effects like reverbs and delays can be applied on a global level via auxiliary sends. The better way of doing it is to route whatever you need to ONE aux track with ONE reverb plugin.

Bounce to Audio

If you’re done recording your parts with resource-hungry virtual instruments, there’s no reason to keep them enabled. Bounce them to audio, and disable the VST plugin. This will ensure you’re not wasting any CPU or RAM on something you don’t need.

RAM and Hard Drive

RAM is a much faster kind of memory, and having enough of it is crucial for music production software. When RAM is running low, OS X will automatically start caching data to your hard drive or SSD. Depending on how quick your drive is, your computer might slow down to a crawl.

The recommended minimum amount of RAM for modern sample libraries and software is 8 GB. Anything less than that is risky, especially considering it’s common for OS X to use 2 GB or more for system processes. Maximizing RAM will help cut down on -10011 errors in Logic Pro.

Upgrading your spinning hard drive to a modern SSD will also improve Logic Pro’s performance. SSDs have considerably higher bandwidth than their mechanical counterparts, enabling you to stream large sample libraries with less glitches and dropouts. In addition to upgrading your internal hard drive, also consider getting an external SSD for storing samples.

Is Spotlight Running?

Spotlight enables you to search your Mac for files, but first it must index everything on your computer. If you’ve recently upgraded your computer to the latest version of OS X, it’s possible that Spotlight might need some time to re-index everything. Depending on how many files you have and your system configuration, this might take up to a few hours. Spotlight indexing uses a significant amount of CPU power, so you should just let it run before doing any work. To find out if Spotlight is indexing just click on the magnifying glass in the left corner of your menu bar. If you see a status bar, Spotlight is in the re-indexing process.

The Latest Update

Remember the latest isn’t always the greatest. There have been a few times where updates to Logic or MainStage have caused a drop in performance. Before upgrading, be sure to read up other users’ experiences. If you see a reoccurring issue that might affect you as well, hold off on the update.


In summary…

  • Use maximum buffer size when mixing.
  • Use stock plugins while recording.
  • Make sure you have enough RAM.
  • Upgrade to SSD for a huge performance boost.
  • Bounce VSTs to audio.
  • Let Spotlight re-index before doing work.
  • The latest updates isn’t always better.

These tips should help you minimize the chance of a -10011 system overload error in Logic Pro!

Using Logic Remote with a Local Ad-Hoc Wi-Fi Network

November 6, 2014

Logic Remote is a super useful app. Two weeks ago, I was in a band rehearsal for Newsies tweaking volume levels of the keyboard patches. Before Logic Remote was a thing, I would remote desktop into the rig computer and tweak that way. Now, I can mix the entire show with an iPad without distracting the keyboard player. Unfortunately, the theatre didn’t have the best WiFi connection and I wasn’t able to connect the usual way. I could’ve technically set up a WiFi hotspot on my phone, but I didn’t want to go that route. Here’s how I was able to set up a local ad-hoc network on the Mac so that Logic Remote could connect to it.

Create a Network

First, create a WiFi network on the Mac. To do this, click on the network icon in your menu bar and select “Create a Network,” Name the network, select a channel (I usually use Channel 11), and create a password. You’ll now be automatically connected to the network you created. This means you won’t be able to browse the Internet. Next, navigate to the Network window in System Preferences.

The network you created should now appear in your preferred networks. Highlight it, and then click on the TCP/IP tab.


Select “Using DHCP with manual address,” and use for the IP address. Everything else can be left as is. Confirm the settings by clicking OK, then move on to the DNS tab. Under DNS Servers, click the + symbol and enter in as the address. Here’s what it should look like. Once again, click OK to confirm.


Set Up the iPad

Go into the iPad settings menu and join the network you created. It should be under “Devices” close to the bottom of the screen. After it’s connected, click on the “i” icon next to the network name to open up the inspector. This is where the network information will be entered.

  • Choose Static Mode
  • For IP Address, use (not
  • For Subnet Mask, use
  • For Router, use
  • For DNS, use

Connect with Logic Remote

Open up Logic Remote and connect to Logic Pro X or MainStage 3. If you don’t see the connection popping up, try restarting the app. For future use, you can save the Network profile on your Mac for easy recall.

It’s also possible to use Logic Remote though Bluetooth. To do so, turn on Bluetooth on the Mac and make it discoverable. Next, enable Bluetooth on the iPad and pair it to the Mac. After that, open up Logic Remote to finish the setup process. I’ve found that WiFi has two main advantages over Bluetooth — range and stability.

With that said, Bluetooth can definitely be used if WiFi setup isn’t working for some reason.


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